The very success of growing healthy plants depends on applying minerals in a form correct to the soil balance and ratios, a balanced fertiliser is one that provides soluble and slow-release nutrients that encourage a correct proportion and level of plant available elements.
It is stated that plants may need up 60 minerals to produce to their full genetic potential, the King of all elements is Calcium, the carrier of all minerals and without it nothing can function to its full potential. Calcium is essential for cell wall strength and thickness, adequate calcium produces structural rigidity and helps fight disease.
Magnesium is the basis for Chlorophyll. It is a nitrogen regulator and necessary for the synthesis of amino acids, vitamins, oils, fats, pigments, and carotene. It regulates the uptake of several nutrients, is a carrier for Phosphate and vital for seed germination A ratio with Calcium of 7:1 provides a home for the biology.
Potassium makes things happen in the cell (cellular spark plug). It is needed to convert Nitrogen into protein and facilitates in the movement of sugar and starches Potassium is also important in the sizing of fruit and grain and is involved in the regulation of up to 50 enzymes in a plant. It influences stomata regulation thus improves gas exchange for photosynthesis.
Sulphur is an essential nutrient for plant and animal development. It is needed for a range of functions, and is a key part of some proteins, it is required to produce amino acids namely, Cysteine and Methionine. Sulphur helps with protein synthesis and forms vitamins and chlorophyll Development of Legumes.
Phosphorus, is vital to the growth processes in plants it is a constituent of nucleic acid, the nuclei in which this occurs are essential parts of all living cells. A deficiency of this element will result in restricted growth. Compounds of phosphorus are concerned with the processes of respiration and with the efficient functioning and utilization of nitrogen. This relationship to nitrogen probably accounts for the fact that several of the symptoms of phosphorus deficiency are identical or similar to those which result from a deficiency of nitrogen. Phosphorus is also of special importance in the processes concerned in root development and the ripening of seeds and fruits.